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Messages - sdgengineer

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1
This is targeted at gamers who want to install the Game Store "Steam" on their computer.  I was able to easily install the store, but when I tried to download the game I wanted "Overload", download speeds were very slow (They were less than 1/10 of my network speed.)  After reaidng various posts in the Steam commiunity forums, I thought maybe I had a problem with an overabundance of DNS queries flooding the local DNS server.

So I started Wireshark, and verified that the IPV6 Queries were being refused several times a second.  On a hunch I turned off IPV6 on the computer.   That resolved the problem. now Steam is downloading the game at or near line speed. 

Turning off IPV6 is pretty straightforward but requires you use the terminal;

Here is the "Script" I used:

sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6=1

I put in a text file on my desktop, labled IPV6 Disable and then made it executeable, this is done by:


1.  Right clicking it,
2 Selecting properties, at the bolttom of the menu
3. Select the permissions tab at top
4. At the bottom select allow executing file as program
5.  Save it

When you run it, you will need to enter your password

I also created an IPV6 enable text file to turn IPV6 back on:

Use the same process, except the text in the file is:

sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6=0


Hope this helps people trying to download Steam games.

2
Maybe this is a desktop problem... I can use the terminal command "nmcli con" and show all my VPN connections.  If I use the "sudo nmcli  up VPNSITE name" it will bring the VPN up.  Where VPNSITE is one of the 6 or so VPNs I have set up.    I can also bring down the VPN by doing a sudo nmcli down VPNSITE.  So it looks like I need to restore the desktop apllet or widget (Not sure of the term) any ideas how to do that?

SOLVED  -- When I left  clicked on the panel (OTHER THAN ON THE NETWORKING ICON) I get the pop menu that lets me choose which VPN to select and also allows me to enable / disable my network connection.  Not sure what I did, but it seems to work now.  Thanks

3
Didn't work.  Since I have a dual boot computer I ran a copy of Peppermint 9 on Virtualbox on my windows computer.  When I Click the networking Icon I get the correct menu shown below on the google drive link

I can't get to this on my normal boot of Peppermint 9.  ANy ideas?  Thanks. 

Here is what I get when I click on the Networking Icon on my virtual box Peppermint 9.  https://drive.google.com/open?id=1hVi8gI-O-yAWm7MJd41eEDuV0wL7q5Bc   when I click on the link on my proper machine I go directly to the network connections menu.

4
Networking / Cannot start PPTP or VPNC VPN on peppermint 9 (SOLVED)
« on: April 23, 2019, 08:05:37 pm »
About two months ago I Installed VPNC (IPSEC).   Witopia is my VPN service provider.  I have installed VPNC on Peppermint 5 and 6 and still use them with no issues.  When I first installed it on this computer (Peppermint 9) I was able to click the VPN connection and it would connect,   Now when I single click the VPN connection it does nothing.  When I double click the specific VPN connection it opens up its configuration.  I am at a loss as to what to do next.  I need to figure out how to start the VPN connection.  Before I had a menu item "VPN connections" when I selected theNetwork Icon on the start bar.  Now I don't have that menu item.  Do I need to reinstall the network (dameon)?


5
I bought this from Amazon with the idea of connecting it up to my peppermint laptop.  Here is the Amazon description: “Carantee USB WiFi Adapter 1200Mbps, [2019 Upgrade] Wireless Network WiFi Dongle with 5dBi Antenna for PC/Desktop/Laptop/Mac, Dual Band 2.4G/5G 802.11ac,Support WinXP/7/8/10/vista, Mac10.6-10.13” 

From the terminal  I did a

 sudo apt-get install linux-headers-generic build-essential git


Not sure I really needed to, but I did it.

Copy  the RTL88x2BBU....zipped file from the LINUX folder on the included mini CD  to a folder on your hard drive

Unzip it, it will produce a subdirectory of the same name with a bunch of files in it.

Change to that directory

From the terminal run the make cmd

Wait till it completes:  Then from the terminal run sudo make install

Then run sudo modprobe 88x2bu

I then did an ifconfig and the new adapter is there (wlan1)

Cycle the wireless on and off, and you should see the new adapter







6
Okay, your original issue seems solved, but you might have a swap/resume issue...

what's the contents of
Code: [Select]
xed /etc/fstab

fstab contents here:

Code: [Select]
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
# / was on /dev/sda2 during installation
UUID=a6c069d8-4058-4dba-a359-6d39b40fd389 /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
# /boot/efi was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=C34A-95E5  /boot/efi       vfat    umask=0077      0       1
/swapfile                                 none            swap    sw              0       0
Thanks,  to fix the original problem, was the key  reinstalling  linux-firmware?

I followed the guidance given of removing the windows HD, installing peppermint, but was suprised when I didn't see a swap drive created on /dev/sdb, but it seems to work ok.  The computer has 8 Gig of ram, is peppermint using half of that as a "swap file (zram)?  I left about 100 GB unused on the Hard drive with the idea of installing another Linux DIstro.  Would it be worthwhile to use * GB of that for a swap file?

7
What's the output from:
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install --reinstall linux-firmware

sudo apt-get install --reinstall linux-firmware
[sudo] password for scott:
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 1 reinstalled, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 0 B/65.3 MB of archives.
After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used.
(Reading database ... 358158 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../linux-firmware_1.173.3_all.deb ...
Unpacking linux-firmware (1.173.3) over (1.173.3) ...
Setting up linux-firmware (1.173.3) ...
update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-43-generic
I: The initramfs will attempt to resume from /dev/zram5
I: (UUID=5976103c-5a46-4886-9626-b32d2562d205)
I: Set the RESUME variable to override this.
update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-23-generic
I: The initramfs will attempt to resume from /dev/zram5
I: (UUID=5976103c-5a46-4886-9626-b32d2562d205)
I: Set the RESUME variable to override this.


and
Code: [Select]
sudo fdisk -l
sudo fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 598923FD-8A26-44E4-AB0B-518B350AFDE8

Device       Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sda1     2048   1023999   1021952   499M Windows recovery environment
/dev/sda2  1024000   1226751    202752    99M EFI System
/dev/sda3  1226752   1259519     32768    16M Microsoft reserved
/dev/sda4  1259520 976773119 975513600 465.2G Microsoft basic data


Disk /dev/sdb: 238.5 GiB, 256060514304 bytes, 500118192 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 35E5BEF9-B8FD-4C78-BF9B-E979BF7D2460

Device       Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sdb1     2048   1050623   1048576   512M EFI System
/dev/sdb2  1050624 298493951 297443328 141.9G Linux filesystem




Disk /dev/zram0: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram1: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram2: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram3: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram4: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram5: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes



and
Code: [Select]
sudo blkid

/dev/sda1: LABEL="Recovery" UUID="16C263F6C263D88F" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="Basic data partition" PARTUUID="471f3d0e-1026-46d6-8f23-6cf9836ad221"
/dev/sda2: UUID="2264-7318" TYPE="vfat" PARTLABEL="EFI system partition" PARTUUID="97901c6c-5943-412d-ae20-972187e7ce00"
/dev/sda4: UUID="BA54663B5465FB11" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="Basic data partition" PARTUUID="ecaa909d-1f8f-44be-b959-63d8d1151325"
/dev/sdb1: UUID="C34A-95E5" TYPE="vfat" PARTLABEL="EFI System Partition" PARTUUID="67e5f34c-2038-4e8b-9ae9-25759351820d"
/dev/sdb2: UUID="a6c069d8-4058-4dba-a359-6d39b40fd389" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="b3038826-8f07-4e89-a774-f9c237370a8f"
/dev/zram5: UUID="5976103c-5a46-4886-9626-b32d2562d205" TYPE="swap"
/dev/sda3: PARTLABEL="Microsoft reserved partition" PARTUUID="0861e2f7-56f0-4da8-9a9b-a44fb0f8fcc0"
/dev/zram0: UUID="6092e462-199a-4093-b8f6-3df7de6a4679" TYPE="swap"
/dev/zram1: UUID="df71ad61-0305-450c-b618-9c9cd0b8364d" TYPE="swap"
/dev/zram2: UUID="6b1068a9-fdd3-4b91-b0d8-0b20305ddf69" TYPE="swap"
/dev/zram3: UUID="534bc03e-013f-4e8b-995b-6c9c96746aca" TYPE="swap"
/dev/zram4: UUID="ec33767f-0e33-4dc0-9726-68d3531cd909" TYPE="swap"


and
Code: [Select]
cat /etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d/resume

cat: /etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d/resume: No such file or directory

I went there manually and there is no resume file

8
Answers in Bold below:

What happens if you run:
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install --reinstall gawk


Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 1 reinstalled, 0 to remove and 9 not upgraded.
1 not fully installed or removed.
Need to get 401 kB of archives.
After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu bionic/main amd64 gawk amd64 1:4.1.4+dfsg-1build1 [401 kB]
Fetched 401 kB in 1s (501 kB/s)
(Reading database ... 358158 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../gawk_1%3a4.1.4+dfsg-1build1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking gawk (1:4.1.4+dfsg-1build1) over (1:4.1.4+dfsg-1build1) ...
Setting up gawk (1:4.1.4+dfsg-1build1) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.8.3-2ubuntu0.1) ...
Setting up linux-firmware (1.173.3) ...
update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-43-generic
I: The initramfs will attempt to resume from /dev/zram5
I: (UUID=ad420bcd-1eea-4254-bdfa-f13d47334991)
I: Set the RESUME variable to override this.
update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-23-generic
I: The initramfs will attempt to resume from /dev/zram5
I: (UUID=ad420bcd-1eea-4254-bdfa-f13d47334991)
I: Set the RESUME variable to override this.
W: APT had planned for dpkg to do more than it reported back (5 vs 9).
   Affected packages: linux-firmware:amd64


and what's the output from
Code: [Select]
update-alternatives --query awk

Name: awk
Link: /usr/bin/awk
Slaves:
 awk.1.gz /usr/share/man/man1/awk.1.gz
 nawk /usr/bin/nawk
 nawk.1.gz /usr/share/man/man1/nawk.1.gz
Status: auto
Best: /usr/bin/gawk
Value: /usr/bin/gawk

Alternative: /usr/bin/gawk
Priority: 10
Slaves:
 awk.1.gz /usr/share/man/man1/gawk.1.gz
 nawk /usr/bin/gawk
 nawk.1.gz /usr/share/man/man1/gawk.1.gz

Alternative: /usr/bin/mawk
Priority: 5
Slaves:
 awk.1.gz /usr/share/man/man1/mawk.1.gz
 nawk /usr/bin/mawk
 nawk.1.gz /usr/share/man/man1/mawk.1.gz

9
Results bold below.  I tried to reinstall libblas using the synaptic package manager, and this looks like the error I received. 

Thanks for your assistance. 


Hmm...

What's the output from
Code: [Select]
ls -l /etc/alternatives | grep libblas

lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 43 Jan 14 23:01 libblas.so.3-x86_64-linux-gnu -> /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/blas/libblas.so.3


and
Code: [Select]
uname -a

Linux scott-HAL 4.15.0-43-generic #46-Ubuntu SMP Thu Dec 6 14:45:28 UTC 2018 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

and
Code: [Select]
dpkg -l | grep libblas

ii  libblas3:amd64  3.7.1-4ubuntu1    amd64        Basic Linear Algebra Reference implementations, shared library


and
Code: [Select]
dpkg -l | grep gawk

ii  gawk                                  1:4.1.4+dfsg-1build1                            amd64        GNU awk, a pattern scanning and processing language

and
Code: [Select]
ls -l /etc/alternatives/awk
ls: cannot access '/etc/alternatives/awk': No such file or directory

and what happens if you run:
Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get install --reinstall libblas3



Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 1 reinstalled, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
1 not fully installed or removed.
Need to get 0 B/140 kB of archives.
After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used.
(Reading database ... 358158 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../libblas3_3.7.1-4ubuntu1_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libblas3:amd64 (3.7.1-4ubuntu1) over (3.7.1-4ubuntu1) ...
Setting up libblas3:amd64 (3.7.1-4ubuntu1) ...
Setting up linux-firmware (1.173.3) ...
/usr/sbin/update-initramfs: 207: /usr/sbin/update-initramfs: awk: not found
dpkg: error processing package linux-firmware (--configure):
 installed linux-firmware package post-installation script subprocess returned error exit status 127
Errors were encountered while processing:
 linux-firmware
E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)


10
Hello

I noticed this when I tried to install NMAP  on Peppermint 9. When I did a sudo apt purge, I get the following errors:  see bold


scott@scott-HAL ~ $ sudo apt purge
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
4 not fully installed or removed.
After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used.
Setting up libblas3:amd64 (3.7.1-4ubuntu1) ...
update-alternatives: using /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/blas/libblas.so.3 to provide /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libblas.so.3 (libblas.so.3-x86_64-linux-gnu) in auto mode
update-alternatives: error: error creating symbolic link '/etc/alternatives/libblas.so.3-x86_64-linux-gnu.dpkg-tmp': No such file or directory
dpkg: error processing package libblas3:amd64 (--configure):
 installed libblas3:amd64 package post-installation script subprocess returned error exit status 2
Setting up linux-firmware (1.173.3) ...
/usr/sbin/update-initramfs: 207: /usr/sbin/update-initramfs: awk: not found
dpkg: error processing package linux-firmware (--configure):
 installed linux-firmware package post-installation script subprocess returned error exit status 127
dpkg: dependency problems prevent configuration of liblapack3:amd64:
 liblapack3:amd64 depends on libblas3 | libblas.so.3; however:
  Package libblas3:amd64 is not configured yet.
  Package libblas.so.3 is not installed.
  Package libblas3:amd64 which provides libblas.so.3 is not configured yet.

dpkg: error processing package liblapack3:amd64 (--configure):
 dependency problems - leaving unconfigured
dpkg: dependency problems prevent configuration of python-numpy:
 python-numpy depends on libblas3 | libblas.so.3; however:
  Package libblas3:amd64 is not configured yet.
  Package libblas.so.3 is not installed.
  Package libblas3:amd64 which provides libblas.so.3 is not configured yet.
 python-numpy depends on liblapack3 | liblapack.so.3; however:
  Package liblapack3:amd64 is not configured yet.
  Package liblapack.so.3 is not installed.
  Package liblapack3:amd64 which provides liblapack.so.3 is not configured yet.

dpkg: error processing package python-numpy (--configure):
 dependency problems - leaving unconfigured
Errors were encountered while processing:
libblas3:amd64
 linux-firmware
 liblapack3:amd64
 python-numpy libblas3:amd64
 linux-firmware
 liblapack3:amd64
 python-numpy
E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)

E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)

scott@scott-HAL ~ $

Can you give me some guidance?


11
Software & Applications / IPSEC VPN Installation details for peppermint 9
« on: January 11, 2019, 01:46:29 pm »
All

I use a VPN (witopia) service that details how to setup their VPN service on Ubuntu.  I have used them with earlier versions of peppermint without issue.   For the XFCE desktop they recommend installing the network-manager-vpnc package.  I tried this without success.  As it turns out I needed to install the network-manager-vpnc-gnome package as well.  In earlier versions of peppermint I only needed to install the network-manager-vpnc package.  If you are using a VPN using IPSEC or PPTP, please note this requirement.

12
Installation / Re: Installing Peppermint 9 on a new SSD, (SOLVED)
« on: January 10, 2019, 03:56:53 pm »
I used a linux persistent USB drive creator called mkusb   I finally got it to work by running sudo umount -l -r -f /cdrom after I selected try out peppermint, and before I installed it..  It successfully installed, and  is updating.  I will them run gparted from the usb and shrink the partition per your recommendation.

Then I will reconnect the Windows and CDROM drives.

Good to go.. GRUB works, I can Boot Windows, as well as Linux, and I have space for another distribution if I want.  Marked SOLVED

13
Installation / Re: Installing Peppermint 9 on a new SSD
« on: January 10, 2019, 03:30:31 pm »
I am afraid I am stuck again 

When I try to install it on the now unformatted SSD I get the error "The installer needs to commit changes to partition tables but cannot because partitions on the following mount points could not be unmounted.  /cdrom. Please close any applications using these mount points."  The install then freezes.

Update:  I searched and ran "umount -l- r -f /cdrom from the CL



I have never had this problem before.  Is this an issue with my USB installer?

Also how  how do I set a GPT partition table?

14
Installation / Re: Installing Peppermint 9 on a new SSD
« on: January 10, 2019, 12:11:49 pm »
Thanks, I will do what you recommend.  (it is pretty easy)  One question; Do I run Gparted and create the unpartioned space before I install peppermint?  Or do I wait until peppermint is installed and shrink the main partition?

Never mind the question:  I verified I can do it after I install Peppermint.  I will use my USB drive persistent drive to run it.  Thanks

Here's what I would have done

a) with the PC shut down, disconnected all drives except the new one.

b) Installed Peppermint on the new one just accepting the defaults (wipe disk and install Peppermint)

c) shut down the PC

d) reattached the other drives, setting the Peppermint drive (may be listed as "ubuntu") as the first boot drive in the UEFI BIOS

e) When Peppermint boots, run:
Code: [Select]
sudo update-grub
which should add Windows to the GRUB menu.

That way you've isolated the windows drive entirely during the Peppermint installation .. it will also still have its own EFI partition, so removing the Peppermint drive will not stop Windows from booting .. but whilst the Peppermint drive is installed GRUB will give you the option which OS to boot.

Just my 2 cents :)



Your current partitioning scheme doesn't have an EFI partition on sdb .. so if you install Peppermint there, you're going to have to add the ubuntu EFI bootloader to the Windows drive .. which is not only a small risk, but will mean Peppermint cannot boot unless the Windows drive is present.

sdb is also currently formatted with a DOS style partition table .. you should change that to GPT for UEFI (EFI requires it).

In my opinion it also pays to leave about 5-10% of an SSD as unpartitioned space (aka. overprovisioning) .. this space will automatically be used to reallocate failing blocks as they wear, and for other wear levelling routines by the SSD's firmware.
(this is a bit of a self-imposed balancing act .. the more you leave unpartitioned the longer the SSD may last, though they generally last longer that HDD's now anyway, but it does feel like wasted space)

15
Installation / Re: Installing Peppermint 9 on a new SSD
« on: January 09, 2019, 11:01:54 pm »
Is Windows the ONLY currently installed OS ?

If so, can you boot a Peppermint 9 64bit LiveUSB and post the output from:
Code: [Select]
sudo fdisk -l
and
Code: [Select]
efibootmgr -v

Yes Win 10 is presently the only OS installed on the computer...Except I am running a a persistent Peppermint 9 on a USB drive on it.  So per your request: 

sudo fdisk-l

Disk /dev/loop0: 1.2 GiB, 1286332416 bytes, 2512368 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/sda: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 598923FD-8A26-44E4-AB0B-518B350AFDE8

Device       Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sda1     2048   1023999   1021952   499M Windows recovery environment
/dev/sda2  1024000   1226751    202752    99M EFI System
/dev/sda3  1226752   1259519     32768    16M Microsoft reserved
/dev/sda4  1259520 976773119 975513600 465.2G Microsoft basic data


Disk /dev/sdb: 238.5 GiB, 256060514304 bytes, 500118192 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x80971e36

Device     Boot     Start       End   Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sdb1            2048  20006911  20004864  9.6G 82 Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sdb2        20006912 102408191  82401280 39.3G 83 Linux
/dev/sdb3       102408192 299671551 197263360 94.1G 83 Linux
/dev/sdb4       299671552 500117503 200445952 95.6G  5 Extended




Disk /dev/sdc: 14.6 GiB, 15693664256 bytes, 30651688 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 7860B72A-9609-49CA-BA7A-0F2291EB5AFE

Device        Start      End  Sectors  Size Type
/dev/sdc1  25442304 30650367  5208064  2.5G Microsoft basic data
/dev/sdc2      2048     4095     2048    1M BIOS boot
/dev/sdc3      4096   503807   499712  244M EFI System
/dev/sdc4    503808  3225599  2721792  1.3G Linux filesystem
/dev/sdc5   3225600 25442303 22216704 10.6G Linux filesystem

Partition table entries are not in disk order.


Disk /dev/zram0: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram1: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram2: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram3: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram4: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram5: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes

I partitioned the new drive sdb into a linux swap,  a pepppermint root, and a peppermint home directory, should I have done that?  I also left about 95 GB unallocated with the idea of putting a different OS on it.

efibootmgr -v
BootCurrent: 0003
Timeout: 1 seconds
BootOrder: 0000,0003,0004,0001,0002
Boot0000* Windows Boot Manager   HD(2,GPT,97901c6c-5943-412d-ae20-972187e7ce00,0xfa000,0x31800)/File(\EFI\MICROSOFT\BOOT\BOOTMGFW.EFI)WINDOWS.........x...B.C.D.O.B.J.E.C.T.=.{.9.d.e.a.8.6.2.c.-.5.c.d.d.-.4.e.7.0.-.a.c.c.1.-.f.3.2.b.3.4.4.d.4.7.9.5.}....................
Boot0001* Hard Drive   BBS(HD,,0x0)..GO..NO........o.S.a.m.s.u.n.g. .S.S.D. .8.6.0. .E.V.O. .5.0.0.G.B....................A...........................>..Gd-.;.A..MQ..L.3.S.1.Z.W.N.K.0.0.A.2.2.1.5. .H. . . . ........BO..NO........o.S.P.C.C. .S.o.l.i.d. .S.t.a.t.e. .D.i.s.k....................A...........................>..Gd-.;.A..MQ..L.A.A.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.2.5.2.5........BO..NO........k.S.a.n.D.i.s.k. .E.x.t.r.e.m.e. .0.0.0.1....................A.......................>..Gd-.;.A..MQ..L.A.A.0.1.0.6.0.7.1.6.0.0.2.6.0.8.0.2.7.8........BO
Boot0002* CD/DVD Drive   BBS(CDROM,,0x0)..GO..NO........o.A.S.U.S. . . . .D.R.W.-.2.4.B.1.S.T. . . .j....................A...........................>..Gd-.;.A..MQ..L.6.J.0.D.L.C.1.0.6.1.1.5. . . . . . . . ........BO
Boot0003* UEFI: SanDisk Extreme 0001, Partition 3   PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x14,0x0)/USB(20,0)/HD(3,GPT,a00c4691-f501-4104-8da2-536192e04253,0x1000,0x7a000)..BO
Boot0004* UEFI: SanDisk Extreme 0001, Partition 4   PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x14,0x0)/USB(20,0)/HD(4,GPT,70f27ab7-8650-4f26-89f6-29e1d710eef6,0x7b000,0x298800)/CDROM(1,0x39c,0x4900)..BO




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