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Messages - sdgengineer

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16
Installation / Re: Installing Peppermint 9 on a new SSD
« on: January 10, 2019, 12:30:31 pm »
I am afraid I am stuck again 

When I try to install it on the now unformatted SSD I get the error "The installer needs to commit changes to partition tables but cannot because partitions on the following mount points could not be unmounted.  /cdrom. Please close any applications using these mount points."  The install then freezes.

Update:  I searched and ran "umount -l- r -f /cdrom from the CL



I have never had this problem before.  Is this an issue with my USB installer?

Also how  how do I set a GPT partition table?

17
Installation / Re: Installing Peppermint 9 on a new SSD
« on: January 10, 2019, 09:11:49 am »
Thanks, I will do what you recommend.  (it is pretty easy)  One question; Do I run Gparted and create the unpartioned space before I install peppermint?  Or do I wait until peppermint is installed and shrink the main partition?

Never mind the question:  I verified I can do it after I install Peppermint.  I will use my USB drive persistent drive to run it.  Thanks

Here's what I would have done

a) with the PC shut down, disconnected all drives except the new one.

b) Installed Peppermint on the new one just accepting the defaults (wipe disk and install Peppermint)

c) shut down the PC

d) reattached the other drives, setting the Peppermint drive (may be listed as "ubuntu") as the first boot drive in the UEFI BIOS

e) When Peppermint boots, run:
Code: [Select]
sudo update-grubwhich should add Windows to the GRUB menu.

That way you've isolated the windows drive entirely during the Peppermint installation .. it will also still have its own EFI partition, so removing the Peppermint drive will not stop Windows from booting .. but whilst the Peppermint drive is installed GRUB will give you the option which OS to boot.

Just my 2 cents :)



Your current partitioning scheme doesn't have an EFI partition on sdb .. so if you install Peppermint there, you're going to have to add the ubuntu EFI bootloader to the Windows drive .. which is not only a small risk, but will mean Peppermint cannot boot unless the Windows drive is present.

sdb is also currently formatted with a DOS style partition table .. you should change that to GPT for UEFI (EFI requires it).

In my opinion it also pays to leave about 5-10% of an SSD as unpartitioned space (aka. overprovisioning) .. this space will automatically be used to reallocate failing blocks as they wear, and for other wear levelling routines by the SSD's firmware.
(this is a bit of a self-imposed balancing act .. the more you leave unpartitioned the longer the SSD may last, though they generally last longer that HDD's now anyway, but it does feel like wasted space)

18
Installation / Re: Installing Peppermint 9 on a new SSD
« on: January 09, 2019, 08:01:54 pm »
Is Windows the ONLY currently installed OS ?

If so, can you boot a Peppermint 9 64bit LiveUSB and post the output from:
Code: [Select]
sudo fdisk -land
Code: [Select]
efibootmgr -v

Yes Win 10 is presently the only OS installed on the computer...Except I am running a a persistent Peppermint 9 on a USB drive on it.  So per your request: 

sudo fdisk-l

Disk /dev/loop0: 1.2 GiB, 1286332416 bytes, 2512368 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/sda: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 598923FD-8A26-44E4-AB0B-518B350AFDE8

Device       Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sda1     2048   1023999   1021952   499M Windows recovery environment
/dev/sda2  1024000   1226751    202752    99M EFI System
/dev/sda3  1226752   1259519     32768    16M Microsoft reserved
/dev/sda4  1259520 976773119 975513600 465.2G Microsoft basic data


Disk /dev/sdb: 238.5 GiB, 256060514304 bytes, 500118192 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x80971e36

Device     Boot     Start       End   Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sdb1            2048  20006911  20004864  9.6G 82 Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sdb2        20006912 102408191  82401280 39.3G 83 Linux
/dev/sdb3       102408192 299671551 197263360 94.1G 83 Linux
/dev/sdb4       299671552 500117503 200445952 95.6G  5 Extended




Disk /dev/sdc: 14.6 GiB, 15693664256 bytes, 30651688 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 7860B72A-9609-49CA-BA7A-0F2291EB5AFE

Device        Start      End  Sectors  Size Type
/dev/sdc1  25442304 30650367  5208064  2.5G Microsoft basic data
/dev/sdc2      2048     4095     2048    1M BIOS boot
/dev/sdc3      4096   503807   499712  244M EFI System
/dev/sdc4    503808  3225599  2721792  1.3G Linux filesystem
/dev/sdc5   3225600 25442303 22216704 10.6G Linux filesystem

Partition table entries are not in disk order.


Disk /dev/zram0: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram1: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram2: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram3: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram4: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram5: 659.2 MiB, 691200000 bytes, 168750 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes

I partitioned the new drive sdb into a linux swap,  a pepppermint root, and a peppermint home directory, should I have done that?  I also left about 95 GB unallocated with the idea of putting a different OS on it.

efibootmgr -v
BootCurrent: 0003
Timeout: 1 seconds
BootOrder: 0000,0003,0004,0001,0002
Boot0000* Windows Boot Manager   HD(2,GPT,97901c6c-5943-412d-ae20-972187e7ce00,0xfa000,0x31800)/File(\EFI\MICROSOFT\BOOT\BOOTMGFW.EFI)WINDOWS.........x...B.C.D.O.B.J.E.C.T.=.{.9.d.e.a.8.6.2.c.-.5.c.d.d.-.4.e.7.0.-.a.c.c.1.-.f.3.2.b.3.4.4.d.4.7.9.5.}....................
Boot0001* Hard Drive   BBS(HD,,0x0)..GO..NO........o.S.a.m.s.u.n.g. .S.S.D. .8.6.0. .E.V.O. .5.0.0.G.B....................A...........................>..Gd-.;.A..MQ..L.3.S.1.Z.W.N.K.0.0.A.2.2.1.5. .H. . . . ........BO..NO........o.S.P.C.C. .S.o.l.i.d. .S.t.a.t.e. .D.i.s.k....................A...........................>..Gd-.;.A..MQ..L.A.A.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.2.5.2.5........BO..NO........k.S.a.n.D.i.s.k. .E.x.t.r.e.m.e. .0.0.0.1....................A.......................>..Gd-.;.A..MQ..L.A.A.0.1.0.6.0.7.1.6.0.0.2.6.0.8.0.2.7.8........BO
Boot0002* CD/DVD Drive   BBS(CDROM,,0x0)..GO..NO........o.A.S.U.S. . . . .D.R.W.-.2.4.B.1.S.T. . . .j....................A...........................>..Gd-.;.A..MQ..L.6.J.0.D.L.C.1.0.6.1.1.5. . . . . . . . ........BO
Boot0003* UEFI: SanDisk Extreme 0001, Partition 3   PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x14,0x0)/USB(20,0)/HD(3,GPT,a00c4691-f501-4104-8da2-536192e04253,0x1000,0x7a000)..BO
Boot0004* UEFI: SanDisk Extreme 0001, Partition 4   PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x14,0x0)/USB(20,0)/HD(4,GPT,70f27ab7-8650-4f26-89f6-29e1d710eef6,0x7b000,0x298800)/CDROM(1,0x39c,0x4900)..BO




19
Installation / Re: Installing Peppermint 9 on a new SSD
« on: January 09, 2019, 09:53:46 am »
Thanks: 

Based on what I have ( A UEFI system) I should just muddle through Gparted per your example,  I noticed you have a different partition for your home folder.  What is the advantage, does it let you reinstall newer versions of peppermint without erasing your data?

ALso an etiquite question:  should I include the whole string of comments in the reply posts (Like I did in this case)? 
I reeally like this forum, and I like the OS as well.



Now the question:  when I go to install peppermint, and choose "something else", and I select the new SSD drive do I need to partition it first?

On my UEFI machines, I ALWAYS partition new (SSD) drives FIRST using the included GParted tool, on the Peppermint ISO. It's the part that takes the most time, but it's also the most rewarding, in my experience.

Next I install winders. Then, lastly, I install Peppermint using 'Something Else'.

Using the machine I'm typing this on, as an example - here's how I rigged my 256 GB Sammy SSD:





That's just a gross overview of the way I do things.  Others may and will do things differently.

Mark will need to walk you through it the first time. It's takes a while to wrap your mind around the concept.

Have fun  :)
*-volume:1
                            description: BIOS Boot partition
                            vendor: EFI
                            physical id: 2
                            logical name: /dev/sdc2
                            serial: 388a53b3-7423-4476-9231-d4b2214c9efb
                            capacity: 1023KiB
                            capabilities: nofs
                            configuration: name=primary

20
Installation / Re: Installing Peppermint 9 on a new SSD
« on: January 09, 2019, 09:38:55 am »
yes, I am running a persistent image on it right now:  when i go to   scott@peppermint /sys/firmware/efi efi shows up:

Also I did a lshw and I pasted the boot partition result here:

 *-volume:1
                            description: BIOS Boot partition
                            vendor: EFI
                            physical id: 2
                            logical name: /dev/sdc2
                            serial: 388a53b3-7423-4476-9231-d4b2214c9efb
                            capacity: 1023KiB
                            capabilities: nofs
                            configuration: name=primary

 


21
Installation / Installing Peppermint 9 on a new SSD (SOLVED)
« on: January 09, 2019, 09:01:20 am »
Hello all,  This may seem like a stupid question.  I bought a new desktop and installed Win 10 on it....Sorry, I need to keep Win 10.  Put a 256 GB SSD in it with the purpose of installing Peppermint on the SSD.  Now the question:  When I go to install peppermint, and choose "something else", and I select the new SSD drive do I need to partition it first, or will the installation do that for me.  If so I can stumble through Gpartd.  If I need to do that what file system do I use?  ext3 and how big should my Swap file be, I have 8 GB of memory.

I should probably know this, but it doesn't hurt to ask.

Thanks

23
OK Based on everything I have read I can't dual boot this device. I have gone back to Win 10,  I appreciate the effort murraymint went to research this issue, Even though I have an SD card with a large drive, the BIOS doesn't load it at startup.   :'( .    I will continue to research if there is some way to load it from an SD card.  perhaps a way to load it as a persistent image. My question to the forum is should I mark this solved?

Thanks for a great forum. 

24
Sorry!   yes I had the USB drive removed when I got the result of the ls command.  I see there is no hd1 listed.  Only the Win 10 Hard Drive.  I may not be able to dual boot.

I will read the thread you mentioned...Thanks.


25
Yes,   I Had the usb installed it with when I ran it.  Let me rerun it after I remove the USB drive I used to install it.

here is the result with the install USB drive removed:

inxi -Fz
System:    Host: peppermint Kernel: 4.15.0-23-generic x86_64 bits: 64 Desktop: N/A
           Distro: Peppermint Nine
Machine:   Device: laptop System: ASUSTeK product: E205SA v: 1.0 serial: N/A
           Mobo: ASUSTeK model: E205SA v: 1.0 serial: N/A
           UEFI: American Megatrends v: E205SA.303 date: 06/14/2017
Battery    BAT0: charge: 36.6 Wh 99.3% condition: 36.9/38.0 Wh (97%)
CPU:       Dual core Intel Celeron N3060 (-MCP-) cache: 1024 KB
           clock speeds: max: 2480 MHz 1: 1006 MHz 2: 500 MHz
Graphics:  Card: Intel Atom/Celeron/Pentium Processor x5-E8000/J3xxx/N3xxx Integrated Graphics Controller
           Display Server: x11 (X.Org 1.19.6 )
           drivers: modesetting (unloaded: fbdev,vesa)
           Resolution: 1366x768@59.99hz
           OpenGL: renderer: Mesa DRI Intel HD Graphics 400 (Braswell)
           version: 4.5 Mesa 18.0.0-rc5
Audio:     Card Intel Atom/Celeron/Pentium Processor x5-E8000/J3xxx/N3xxx Series High Def. Audio Controller
           driver: snd_hda_intel
           Sound: Advanced Linux Sound Architecture v: k4.15.0-23-generic
Network:   Card: Qualcomm Atheros QCA9377 802.11ac Wireless Network Adapter
           driver: ath10k_pci
           IF: wlp2s0 state: up mac: <filter>
Drives:    HDD Total Size: NA (-)
           ID-1: /dev/mmcblk0 model: N/A size: 31.3GB
           ID-2: /dev/mmcblk1 model: N/A size: 32.0GB
Partition: ID-1: / size: 1.9G used: 74M (4%) fs: overlay dev: N/A
           ID-2: swap-1 size: 1.01GB used: 0.00GB (0%) fs: swap dev: /dev/zram0
           ID-3: swap-2 size: 1.01GB used: 0.00GB (0%) fs: swap dev: /dev/zram1
RAID:      No RAID devices: /proc/mdstat, md_mod kernel module present
Sensors:   System Temperatures: cpu: 35.0C mobo: 0.0C
           Fan Speeds (in rpm): cpu: 25500
Info:      Processes: 168 Uptime: 38 min Memory: 687.6/3849.6MB
           Client: Shell (bash) inxi: 2.3.56

26
Yes, thanks for your quick response

her is the result of  that command:
System:    Host: peppermint Kernel: 4.15.0-23-generic x86_64 bits: 64 Desktop: N/A
           Distro: Peppermint Nine
Machine:   Device: laptop System: ASUSTeK product: E205SA v: 1.0 serial: N/A
           Mobo: ASUSTeK model: E205SA v: 1.0 serial: N/A
           UEFI: American Megatrends v: E205SA.303 date: 06/14/2017
Battery    BAT0: charge: 36.6 Wh 99.3% condition: 36.9/38.0 Wh (97%)
CPU:       Dual core Intel Celeron N3060 (-MCP-) cache: 1024 KB
           clock speeds: max: 2480 MHz 1: 555 MHz 2: 765 MHz
Graphics:  Card: Intel Atom/Celeron/Pentium Processor x5-E8000/J3xxx/N3xxx Integrated Graphics Controller
           Display Server: x11 (X.Org 1.19.6 )
           drivers: modesetting (unloaded: fbdev,vesa)
           Resolution: 1366x768@59.99hz
           OpenGL: renderer: Mesa DRI Intel HD Graphics 400 (Braswell)
           version: 4.5 Mesa 18.0.0-rc5
Audio:     Card Intel Atom/Celeron/Pentium Processor x5-E8000/J3xxx/N3xxx Series High Def. Audio Controller
           driver: snd_hda_intel
           Sound: Advanced Linux Sound Architecture v: k4.15.0-23-generic
Network:   Card: Qualcomm Atheros QCA9377 802.11ac Wireless Network Adapter
           driver: ath10k_pci
           IF: wlp2s0 state: up mac: <filter>
Drives:    HDD Total Size: 2.0GB (Used Error!)
           ID-1: /dev/mmcblk0 model: N/A size: 31.3GB
           ID-2: USB /dev/sda model: USB_DISK size: 2.0GB
           ID-3: /dev/mmcblk1 model: N/A size: 32.0GB
Partition: ID-1: / size: 1.9G used: 68M (4%) fs: overlay dev: N/A
           ID-2: swap-1 size: 1.01GB used: 0.00GB (0%) fs: swap dev: /dev/zram0
           ID-3: swap-2 size: 1.01GB used: 0.00GB (0%) fs: swap dev: /dev/zram1
RAID:      No RAID devices: /proc/mdstat, md_mod kernel module present
Sensors:   System Temperatures: cpu: 35.0C mobo: 0.0C
           Fan Speeds (in rpm): cpu: 25500
Info:      Processes: 171 Uptime: 10 min Memory: 667.9/3849.6MB
           Client: Shell (bash) inxi: 2.3.56


The /dev/mmcblk0 is the windows drive.

27
Greetings

I have this Asus TP2000s with Win 10 on it.  the small hard drive is full, but it has an SD card slot also.  So I tried installing Peppermint 9 on the SD card.  I partitioned the 32 GB  SD card as ext 4.  installed peppermint on it, and when I rebooted  I got a blank screen with a flashing cursor.   So I rebooted and hit the escape key, and brouht up a bios boot menu.  I booted successfully on windows 10, a good thing.  But when I selected ubuntu, I get a grub prompt  Version 2.02.  with a grub> prompt

I did go into the bios and change the boot order  for windows first.  but if I hit esc I can change which device boots first.  I was asked when I installed peppermint when I wanted the grub menu, and I accepted the default which is on the windows drive. 
I did an ls and got the following response.

(hd0) (hd0,gpt4) (hd0,gpt3) (hd0,gpt2) (hd0,gpt1)


What command should I use to launch peppermint or can I do this, or do I need to start over?

Thanks

28
Installation / Re: Kernel panic after LiveCD (peppermint 9)
« on: November 27, 2018, 09:27:24 pm »
ALL

I wanted to add Peppermint 8 to my existing Peppermint 6 installation, and I had a very similar screen as Xillmisa had.  I could not find a BIOS update  for my Circa 2006 HP Pavillion Motherboard.  But I finally googled:  io-apic timer not connected, and found this solution in a differnet forum, here:   https://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2283568  in my case I added radeon.modeset=0 noapic at the end of the GRUB entry and it fixed it.

I am not sure the radeon.modeset =0 parameter matters, since I have an NVIDIA  graphics card, however I now have Peppermint 8 running on this beater computer.  I assume Xillmisa has tried modifying the GRUB entry...If you haven't please test it by editing the logon script in the grub start menu by adding this entry  radeon.modeset=0 noapic at the end of the linux boot line.  If it works,  edit the grub file at etc/default/grub and add these lines to the grub file using an editor, I used gedit but YMMV, and add the lines right after the quit splash, but make sure the additions are inside the quotes.   Make sure you do a sudo update-grub after you change the file.  This will allow the grub program to use the updated grub config.

29
New Users / Re: sudo apt-get upgrade fails (Solved)
« on: August 19, 2018, 07:56:51 pm »
That Fixed it!   :) Not sure where the odd quote came from.

Thanks, Will mark it solved.

SDGengineer

30
New Users / sudo apt-get upgrade fails (Solved)
« on: August 19, 2018, 01:12:13 pm »
This is for peppermint 6:

Hello when I do an apt-get upgrade I get the following error:


Code: [Select]
sudo apt-get upgrade
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
Calculating upgrade... Done
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
1 not fully installed or removed.
After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] Y
Setting up grub-pc (2.02~beta2-9ubuntu1.14) ...
/var/lib/dpkg/info/grub-pc.config: 11: /etc/default/grub: splash”: not found
dpkg: error processing package grub-pc (--configure):
 subprocess installed post-installation script returned error exit status 127
Errors were encountered while processing:
 grub-pc
E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)
It Seems to Boot OK, but I would like to get rid of the extraneous file.I also know there is a way to compress the text in this post, so you don't see a bunch of irrelevant data, but I forgot how.  It looks like the GRUB is mis-configured, but I tried to update it with the boot options and it didn't seem to fix it.
Thanks for any help
SDGEngineer

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