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Offline Ghabe

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[SOLVED] Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« on: June 25, 2016, 01:20:41 pm »
Hello,

I'm new to linux and have a laptop with a small SSD and a large HDD. I would like to install Peppermint with all the programs on the SSD and my downloads, music, pictures, and my steam and playonlinux games,  .... on the HDD. How can i achieve that ? Tried to install ubuntu and but the programs went to my HDD :'( .

Greetings, Ghabe
« Last Edit: June 28, 2016, 04:28:45 am by Ghabe »

Offline Timo

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Re: Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« Reply #1 on: June 25, 2016, 02:59:17 pm »
https://forum.peppermintos.com/index.php/topic,1835.msg17460.html#msg17460

Maybe there's a more elegant way, but doing it like this should work.

EDIT: If you can't figure it out with this tutorial just ask again, you can't follow it step by step. Basically move anything you would like on the HDD there and symlink it back.
« Last Edit: June 25, 2016, 03:04:01 pm by Timo »

Offline AndyInMokum

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Re: Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« Reply #2 on: June 25, 2016, 04:21:31 pm »
Hi Ghabe, welcome to the Peppermint Forum, it's nice to have you with us  ;).  What you're trying to do is really easy.  I have my computer set up the way you want.  Boot up Peppermint 7 Live from your installation media.   Open a terminal window with the following keystrokes: Ctrl+Alt+t.  Enter the following commands in sequence into the terminal window.  Hit enter to initiate the commands.  Copy the outputs and post them back to the forum.

TipLinux is case sensitive.  To reduce the possibility of typographical errors, please click on the Code: [Select] function below to highlight the contents. Click on the right mouse button and select Copy.  While the mouse cursor is in the terminal window, right click on the right mouse button and select Paste.
Code: [Select]
sudo fdisk -l
followed by:
Code: [Select]
sudo blkid
We'll have a look at your drives and advise you what to do ;).

Backup! Backup! Backup! If you're missing any of these -  you ain't Backed Up!
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Offline Ghabe

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Re: Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« Reply #3 on: June 26, 2016, 03:03:29 am »
Hello,

For sudo fdisk -l i got following results :

Code: [Select]
Disk /dev/ram0: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram1: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram2: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram3: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram4: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram5: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram6: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram7: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram8: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram9: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram10: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram11: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram12: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram13: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram14: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram15: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/sda: 111,8 GiB, 120034123776 bytes, 234441648 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 0BC712B2-7B91-4020-B368-F587F0CB783E

Device       Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sda1     2048   1050623   1048576   512M EFI System
/dev/sda2  1050624 234441248 233390625 111,3G Linux filesystem




Disk /dev/sdb: 698,7 GiB, 750156374016 bytes, 1465149168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 8627115B-4363-4F71-9FE6-028A4855A2A0

Device     Start        End    Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sdb1   2048 1465147391 1465145344 698,7G Linux filesystem

And for sudo blkid

Code: [Select]
/dev/sda1: UUID="9826-6539" TYPE="vfat" PARTLABEL="EFI System Partition" PARTUUID="86cae039-c349-464c-bd70-a4755626f5ab"
/dev/sda2: UUID="c46d3af2-5c93-4e52-bf43-5c2050c611fd" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="7a47aa20-6c05-47c7-b0f5-fce50c585d2b"
/dev/sdb1: UUID="bf4fdfe7-001a-440f-9719-d741fae1b3a6" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="cf7f0738-e1be-403a-93ad-ed03e4b74f4b"

This is on the Ubuntu installation.

I thought that when installing Peppermint I would just have to check a certain box to obtein what i wanted. For the ubuntu install i chose the HDD for /Home folder ....

Thanks for the help  8)
« Last Edit: June 26, 2016, 03:11:54 am by AndyInMokum, Reason: Encapsulating output with [code] »

Offline Slim.Fatz

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Re: Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« Reply #4 on: June 26, 2016, 03:29:41 am »
Hi Ghabe,

First of all, I suggest that you install Peppermint 7 complete (meaning /home as well) to your SSD (/dev/sda2). This is a very easy thing to do when in the installer. If you need help, ask here again.

After successfully completing the installation you should follow the instructions given in the tutorial link that Timo gave you. When you use the soft-links mentioned in my tutorial then ALL of your personal files will be saved on the HDD rather than on the SSD -- they will only seem to be on the SSD. This type of set-up has numerous advantages and I strongly suggest that you use it.  ;)

Regards,

-- Slim
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Offline AndyInMokum

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Re: Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« Reply #5 on: June 26, 2016, 03:53:14 am »
Hi Ghabe
  • /dev/sda = SSD
  • /dev/sdb = HDD

Firstly, and most importantly backup any DATA you have: Document, Downloads, Music, Videos, Pictures and anything else you don't want destroyed/overwritten.  Install Peppermint 7 normally to your SSD, (/dev/sda).  Or, if you know how, use the: Something Else installation option and manually install the OS.  This allows you to put the SWAP space on the HDD, rather than having it on the SSD.  I see you have a lot of RAM so it's unlikely you'll ever use SWAP.   You'll have noticed the HDD hasn't been included in the installation.  This is deliberate.  You're going to set this up and use it as a /DATA partition.  This is where all your Document, Downloads, Music, Videos, Pictures and anything else you want to keep permanently is going to be stored.  You're going to symlink the DATA on your HHD to the /home folder of Peppermint 7.  After the installation has completed follow the instruction in the excellent tutorial  Our Trusted User, Slim.Fatz has written: How To: Use symlinks to a DATA partition.  On completion, you'll have a superb setup that'll make future installations as simple a one, twe, three.  You'll also be able to distro hop hassle free if you so wish.  Or you can multi-boot with other OSs and share the /DATA partition - very cool indeed  ;).
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Offline Ghabe

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Re: Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« Reply #6 on: June 27, 2016, 07:48:05 am »
Hello,
I dis a clean install from Peppermint on m'y SSD as recommended and got to the point where i edit the fstab file and reboot. There i can't qfter reboot go to the desktop. I got a screen at boot that says that sdb (my hdd) ain't ext4 . I rebooted on my live usbstick and reformated the drive but get the same error. :'(

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Re: Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« Reply #7 on: June 27, 2016, 09:32:40 am »
Hi Ghabe,

Sorry to hear that you are having problems!  :(

Please reboot with the live USB again and go open your file manager, open the SSD, go to /etc and find the file fstab. Open it with the text editor (pluma) and post the contents of the file back here again. Also, please repost the outputs of these commands again (they might be different now after you reinstalled, reformatted, etc.):

Code: [Select]
sudo fdisk -l
and

Code: [Select]
sudo blkid

Regards,

-- Slim
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Offline Ghabe

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Re: Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« Reply #8 on: June 27, 2016, 06:23:24 pm »
Hello

Fstab
Code: [Select]
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
# / was on /dev/sda2 during installation
UUID=57fb7952-da0a-4e7c-90f2-3ce4d851eb42 /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
# /boot/efi was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=9826-6539  /boot/efi       vfat    umask=0077      0       1
# DATA partition /dev/sdd is at /mnt/DATA ...
/dev/sdb   /mnt/DATA   ext4   defaults   0  0
fdisk
Code: [Select]
Disk /dev/ram0: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram1: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram2: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram3: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram4: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram5: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram6: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram7: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram8: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram9: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram10: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram11: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram12: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram13: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram14: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/ram15: 64 MiB, 67108864 bytes, 131072 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/loop0: 991.4 MiB, 1039527936 bytes, 2030328 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/sda: 111.8 GiB, 120034123776 bytes, 234441648 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 0BC712B2-7B91-4020-B368-F587F0CB783E

Device       Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sda1     2048   1050623   1048576   512M EFI System
/dev/sda2  1050624 234441248 233390625 111.3G Linux filesystem




Disk /dev/sdb: 7.2 GiB, 7743995904 bytes, 15124992 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x486dc064

Device     Boot Start     End Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sdb1  *        0 2158591 2158592    1G  0 Empty
/dev/sdb2         664    5399    4736  2.3M ef EFI (FAT-12/16/32)


Disk /dev/sdc: 698.7 GiB, 750156374016 bytes, 1465149168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 8627115B-4363-4F71-9FE6-028A4855A2A0

Device     Start        End    Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sdc1   2048 1465147391 1465145344 698.7G Linux filesystem


Disk /dev/zram0: 983.2 MiB, 1030983680 bytes, 251705 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram1: 983.2 MiB, 1030983680 bytes, 251705 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram2: 983.2 MiB, 1030983680 bytes, 251705 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes


Disk /dev/zram3: 983.2 MiB, 1030983680 bytes, 251705 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 4096 = 4096 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes

blkid
Code: [Select]
/dev/sda1: UUID="9826-6539" TYPE="vfat" PARTLABEL="EFI System Partition" PARTUUID="86cae039-c349-464c-bd70-a4755626f5ab"
/dev/sda2: UUID="57fb7952-da0a-4e7c-90f2-3ce4d851eb42" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="7a47aa20-6c05-47c7-b0f5-fce50c585d2b"
/dev/loop0: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/sdb1: UUID="2016-06-16-15-57-51-00" LABEL="Peppermint Seven" TYPE="iso9660" PTUUID="486dc064" PTTYPE="dos" PARTUUID="486dc064-01"
/dev/sdb2: SEC_TYPE="msdos" UUID="B1F5-0A13" TYPE="vfat" PARTUUID="486dc064-02"
/dev/sdc1: UUID="c2869f7d-8725-4c6c-863c-80f8fed41ff1" TYPE="ext4" PARTLABEL="DATA" PARTUUID="5318bace-c45c-47c5-930d-16de1b52f3d2"
/dev/zram0: UUID="98340283-9d34-4cf2-bf82-9b6fa565fb64" TYPE="swap"
/dev/zram1: UUID="80764dc9-5e39-4158-8f62-7360ded2b5d3" TYPE="swap"
/dev/zram2: UUID="c23da43a-ccfe-40b0-9f39-b798d8a0ff51" TYPE="swap"
/dev/zram3: UUID="97782a33-8973-41d1-ab56-59963a1e19c5" TYPE="swap"
I see that the partition name has changed to sdc or sdc1 <<< how can i change my fstab
« Last Edit: June 27, 2016, 06:26:40 pm by AndyInMokum, Reason: Encapsulating output with [code] »

Offline murraymint

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Re: Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« Reply #9 on: June 27, 2016, 07:50:22 pm »
Your USB stick is probably coming up as sdb, moving your drive to be sdc.

Change your fstab to use the UUID: replace dev/sdb with

Code: [Select]
UUID=c2869f7d-8725-4c6c-863c-80f8fed41ff1


Online PCNetSpec

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Re: Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« Reply #10 on: June 27, 2016, 09:06:41 pm »
The best way to do this....

a) physically disconnect the 698GB HDD

b) install Peppermint with ONLY the SSD attached

c) once Peppermint is installed, reattach the HDD (and format it with Gparted if required)

d) make sure the HDD partition is set to be automounted via fstab and is owned by you (or has 777 permissions)

e) follow slim.fatz tutorial:
https://forum.peppermintos.com/index.php/topic,1835.0.html
for symlinking the Documents/Pictures/Music/Video/etc. folders in your home directory to directories on the HDD .. and do the same with the ~/.steam folder or whichever directory steam saves its games in.


Did that make sense ?



Another way would be to simply install Peppermint with / mounted as a single partition on the SSD .. and /home and <swap> mounted as two partitions on the HDD ... but this will require you to manually set the partitions during installation. (not an easy thing to talk someone through particularly where the device node designations /dev/sdX are changing).



Problem is both of these things are easy when you know how .. not so easy to talk someone through remotely unless you both have a few hours to spare and some kind of 'chat' setup.
« Last Edit: June 27, 2016, 09:33:39 pm by PCNetSpec »
WARNING: You are logged into reality as 'root' .. logging in as 'insane' is the only safe option.

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Re: Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« Reply #11 on: June 27, 2016, 09:19:26 pm »
Also remember that sdb was the physical HDD itself. sdb1 was the first (or only) partition on that drive, which is what you meant to put in there (although the USB stick would still probably stop it from working).

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Re: Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« Reply #12 on: June 28, 2016, 12:05:59 am »
Hi Ghabe,

+1 to the steps a) to e) suggested by PCNetSpec;)

Regards,

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Offline Ghabe

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Re: Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« Reply #13 on: June 28, 2016, 03:28:24 am »
Finally got it to work  thanks to all  ::)

I should say allmost .... on all the folders on DATA there"s lock symbol ;-( how can i resolve this please ?

Offline AndyInMokum

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Re: Install Peppermint on computer with two drives
« Reply #14 on: June 28, 2016, 03:35:07 am »
Finally got it to work  thanks to all  ::)

I should say allmost .... on all the folders on DATA there"s lock symbol ;-( how can i resolve this please ?
You haven't changed the ownership permissions for /mnt/DATA.
Code: [Select]
sudo chown -R <username>:<username> /mnt/DATA
Replace <username> with your real username  ;).
« Last Edit: June 28, 2016, 03:36:45 am by AndyInMokum »
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